If you have an individual retirement account (IRA), your account's trustee or issuer must report your contributions each year to the IRS. The information is submitted on Form 5498, and your trustee will send you a copy.
Form 5498 should be mailed to you by the end of May.
The copy of the Form 5498 you receive is only for your information and personal records. Do not attach it to your tax return.
There are no tax consequences until distributions are made from your account.
Form 5498 shows traditional IRA contributions for the prior tax year.
The IRS requires the institution that maintains your IRA to use Form 5498 to report to you and the IRS any IRA contributions, rollovers from certain types of employer-sponsored retirement plans to IRAs (including direct rollovers), re-characterization of IRA contributions(for example when money that originally was contributed to a Roth IRA is moved to a Traditional IRA before the due date for the individual’s federal income tax return, includingextensions, for the taxable year in which the contribution was originally made), conversions of Traditional IRAs to Roth IRAs, the December 31 fair market value of your IRA account and certain other information.
No, this form isn’t needed to file your return. Simply use it to verify that the information we reported to the IRS is correct and then keep it with your tax records.
It is generally deductible, within certain limits, if neither you nor your spouse is an active participant in an employer-sponsored retirement plan for the year. If either you or your spouse is an active participant, your ability to make deductible contributions to a Traditional IRA phases out completely if your modified adjusted gross income is at least 70,000 (married, filing jointly), 50,000 (single) or $10,000 (married filing separately). In general, if your spouse is an active participant, but you are not, and you file a joint tax return, your (but not your spouse’s) ability to make deductible contributions phases out completely at modified adjusted gross income of $160,000. Report deductible contributions to a Traditional IRA on Form 1040, Line 24, or on Form 1040A, line 17.
Report non-deductible contributions to a Traditional IRA on Form 8606, which is filed with your federal tax return. If you are not required to file a federal income tax return for the year, Form 8606 should be filed separately. If you have made nondeductible contributions, failure to file a Form 8606 may result in greater tax liability when you take distributions from your IRA (because you may not be able to substantiate your basis in the IRA). You may also be subject to a penalty for failure to file Form 8606. Refer to the IRS Instructions for Form 8606 for more information.
No, contributions to a Roth IRA are not deductible. Contributions may be withdrawn at any time without taxes or penalties. Earnings can be withdrawn free of federal income taxes and penalties if the five year aging period and other requirements are met.
Use Form 1040 or 1040A to report rollover contributions (Form 5498, box 2) that balance out the distribution reported on Form 1099-R. Generally, 60-day rollover contributions are not reportable as income on your federal income tax return, although they may be subject to withholding tax.
Use Form 8606 to report conversions to balance out the distribution reported on Form 1099-R. Failure to complete Form 8606 may result in penalties. Re-characterizations are not reported on Form 8606, but special tax reporting rules apply to contributions that have to be re-characterized.
Generally, if they were made by your employer, you cannot deduct these contributions. If you made the contributions as a self-employed person (or partner), they may be deductible.